• PreKindergarten Grade Common Learning Standards
    ELA
     
     
    Literature
     
    Key Ideas and Details
    1. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key detail(s) in a text.
    2. With prompting and support, retell familiar stories.
    3. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about characters and major events in a story.
     
    Craft and Structure
    4. Exhibit curiosity and interest in learning new vocabulary (e.g., ask questions about unfamiliar vocabulary).
    5. Students interact with a variety of common types of texts (e.g., storybooks, poems, songs).
    6. With prompting and support, can describe the role of an author and illustrator.
     
    Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
    7. With prompting and support, students will engage in a picture walk to make connections between self,
    illustrations, and the story.
    8. (Not applicable to literature)
    9. With prompting and support, students will compare and contrast two stories relating to the same topic (mercer
    Meyer series).
    a. With prompting and support, students will make cultural connections to text and self.
     
    Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
    10. Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.
     
    Responding to Literature
    10. With prompting and support, make connections between self, text, and the world around them (text,
    media, social interaction).
     
    Information Text
     
    Key Ideas and Details
    1. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
    2. With prompting and support, retell details in a text.
    3. With prompting and support, describe the connection between two events or pieces of information in a
    text.
     
    Craft and Structure
    4. Exhibit curiosity and interest in learning new vocabulary (e.g., ask questions about unfamiliar vocabulary).
    5. Identify the front cover, back cover, displays correct orientation of book, page turning skills.
    6. With prompting and support, can describe the role of an author and illustrator.
     
    Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
    7. With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the text in which they
    appear (e.g., what person, place, thing, or idea in the text an illustration depicts).
    8. Not applicable to prekindergarten.
    9. With prompting and support, identify basic similarities and differences between two texts on the same
    topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).
     
    Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
    10. With prompting and support, actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.
     
    Foundational Skills
     
    Print Concepts
    1. Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.
    a. Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.
    b. Recognize that spoken words are represented in written language by specific sequences of letters.
    c. Understand that words are separated by spaces in print.
    d. Recognize and name all upper- and lowercase letters of the alphabet, especially those in own name.
    e. Recognize that letters are grouped to form words.
    f. Differentiate letters from numerals.
     
    Phonological Awareness
    2. Demonstrate an emerging understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).
    a. Engage in language play (e.g. alliterative language, rhyming, sound patterns).
    b. Recognize and match words that rhyme.
    c. Demonstrate awareness of relationship between sounds and letters.
    d. With support and prompting, isolate and pronounce the initial sounds in words.
     
    Phonics and Word Recognition
    3. Demonstrate emergent phonics and word analysis skills.
    a. With prompting and support, demonstrate one-to-one letter-sound correspondences by producing the
    primary sound of some consonants.
    b. Recognizes own name and common signs and labels in the environment.
     
    Fluency
    4. Displays emergent reading behaviors with purpose and understanding (e.g., pretend reading).
     
    Writing
     
    Text Types and Purpose
     
    1. With prompting and support, use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to express an opinion
    about a book or topic (e.g., I like . . because . . .).
    2. With prompting and support, use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose
    informative/explanatory texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information
    about the topic.
    3. With prompting and support, use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to narrate a single event
    and provide a reaction to what happened.
     
    Production and Distribution of Writing
    4. (Begins in grade 3)
    5. With guidance and support, respond to questions and suggestions and add details to
    strengthen illustration or writing, as needed.
    6. With guidance and support from adults, explore a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing;
    collaboration with peers.
     
    Research to Build and Present Knowledge
    7. With guidance and support, participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of
    books by a favorite author and express opinions about them).
    8. With guidance and support, recall information from experiences or gather information from
    provided sources to answer a question.
    9. (Begins in grade 4)
     
    Range of Writing
    10. (Begins in grade 3)
    Responding to Literature
    11. Create and present a poem, dramatization, art work, or personal response to a particular author or theme
    studied in class, with prompting and support.
     
    Speaking and Listening
     
    Comprehension and Collaboration
    1. With guidance and support, participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about prekindergarten
    topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.
    a. Engage in agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g., listening to others and taking turns speaking about the
    topics and texts under discussion).
    b. Engage in extended conversations.
    c. Communicate with individuals from different cultural backgrounds.
    2. With guidance and support, confirm understanding of a text read aloud or information presented orally or
    through other media by asking and answering questions about key details and requesting clarification if
    something is not understood.
    3. With guidance and support, ask and answer questions in order to seek help, get information, or clarify
    something that is not understood.
     
    Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas
    4. Describe familiar people, places, things, and events and, with prompting and support, provide additional
    detail.
    5. Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions as desired to provide additional detail.
    6. Demonstrate an emergent ability to express thoughts, feelings, and ideas clearly.