Cultural Heritage 7
Reference pages 77-85 ( see Below)Grade 7 History of the United States and New York I
Grade 7 Social Studies focuses on a primarily chronological study of history and geography in United States and New York as well as economic, social, and political trends. The course content is divided into nine Key Ideas, tracing the human experience in the United States from pre-Columbian times until the official end of Reconstruction in 1877, with a focus on the people, events, and places in New York State as applicable.
Teachers should note that some Key Ideas and Concepts may require extra time or attention. In the grade 7 course, these include Key Ideas 7.2 Colonial Development, 7.4 Historical Development of the Constitution, and 7.8 A Nation Divided.
7.1 NATIVE AMERICANS: The physical environment and natural resources of North America encouraged the development of the first human settlements and the culture of Native Americans. Native Americans societies varied across North America. (Standards: 1, 2; Themes: ID, MOV, GEO)
7.2 COLONIAL DEVELOPMENTS: European exploration of the New World resulted in various interactions with Native Americans and in colonization. The American colonies were established for a variety of reasons, and developed differently based on economic, social, and geographic factors. Colonial America had a variety of social structures under which not all people were treated equally. (Standards: 1, 2, 3, 4; Themes: MOV, GEO, ECO, EXCH)
7.3 AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE: Growing tensions over political power and economic issues sparked a movement for independence from Great Britain. New York played a critical role in the course and outcome of the American Revolution. (Standards: 1, 4, 5; Themes: TCC, GOV, ECO)
7.4 HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION: The newly independent states faced political and economic struggles under the Articles of Confederation. These challenges resulted in a Constitutional Convention, a debate over ratification, and the eventual adoption of the Bill of Rights. (Standards: 1, 5; Themes: GOV, CIV)
7.5 THE CONSTITUTION IN PRACTICE: The United States Constitution serves as a foundation of the United States government and outlines the rights of citizens. The Constitution is considered a “living document” that can respond to political and social changes. (Standards: 1, 5; Themes: TCC, GOV, CIV)
7.6 WESTWARD EXPANSION: Driven by political and economic motives, the United States expanded its physical boundaries to the Pacific Ocean between 1800 and 1860. This settlement displaced Native Americans as the frontier was pushed westward. (Standards1, 3; Themes: ID, MOV, TCC, GEO)
7.7 REFORM MOVEMENTS: Social, political, and economic inequalities sparked various reform movements and resistance efforts. Influenced by the Second Great Awakening, New York played a key role in major reform efforts. (Standards: 1, 5; Themes: SOC, CIV, GOV)
7.8 A NATION DIVIDED: Westward expansion, the industrialization of the North, and the growth of slavery in the South contributed to the growth of sectionalism. Constitutional conflicts between advocates of states rights and supporters of federal power increased tensions in the nation; attempts to compromise ultimately failed to keep the nation together, leading to the Civil War. (Standards: 1, 3, 4; Themes: TCC, GEO, GOV, ECO)
7.9 RECONSTRUCTION: Regional tensions following the Civil War complicated the effort to reunify the nation and define the status of African Americans.(Standards: 1, 4, 5; Themes: MOV, GEO, SOC, ECO)