• AP European History

    Advanced Placement European History is a course comparable in scope and challenge to a college level survey course. Its principal aim is to provide students with an opportunity to master and demonstrate an overall “knowledge of the basic chronology, major events, and trends” in European History from 1450 to the contemporary period. Furthermore, its aim is to foster, through an intensive study of specific topics, a deeper understanding of the political, social, economic, and intellectual forces in the historical process.


    Unit One - Foundations of Modern Europe

    • Black Plague
    • Medieval Church in Crisis
    • Hundred Years War


    Unit Two –The Renaissance

    • Italy and the Rise of the Renaissance: Political, Social and Economic Conditions
    • Humanism and the “Renaissance Man”
    • Machiavelli’s influence on the political world
    • The Writers and Artists of the Renaissance
    • Christian Humanism
    • New Monarchies
    • Exploration and the Rise of Europe as a World Power


    Unit Three – Protestant Reformation and the Age of Religious Wars

    • Causes of the Reformation
    • Luther’s Role: Reformer or Separatist?
    • Calvin: Predestination
    • English Reformation: Political or Religious Motivation?
    • Counter-Reformation: The Catholic Church Answers Back
    • Social Impacts of the Reformation
    • French Wars of Religion: Henry of Navarre as a politique
    • Philip II and Spain
    • The Rise of the Elizabethan Age
    • The Thirty Years War


    Unit Four – Constitutional Monarchy and Absolutism

    • Overview of Constitutionalism and Absolutism
    • Absolutism in France
    • England and the Rise of Constitutionalism
    • The Netherlands as a Global Economic Power
    • Absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe
    • Mercantilism, Colonialism, and Slavery
    • Wars of the Eighteenth Century



    Unit Five – Scientific Revolution

    • Understand how the theories of Copernicus, Brahe, Kepler, and Galileo differed from medieval and classical thoughts about the universe
    • Understand the influence of Bacon, Descartes, and Newton on scientific thinking
    • Understand the role of women during the Scientific Revolution
    • Identify how the Church responded to new scientific thinking
    • Understand the influence of witch hunts on medieval society and how new scientific theory helped change this


    Unit 6 – The Age of Reason (Enlightenment)

    • Identify the key elements of society in the Old Regime citing differences between Eastern and Western Europe
    • Understand the importance of print culture on the spread of enlightenment ideas
    • Identify and understand the key ideas of enlightenment thinkers
    • Understand the rise of Deism and its beliefs
    • Understand the role of women in the enlightenment and perceptions of women
    • Identify and understand the role of the enlightened despots and assess the meaning of the term “enlightened” in relation to their rule


    Unit 7 – French Revolution/Napoleon/Romantic Age

    • Identify and analyze the political, social, and economic issues during the “Ancien regime”
    • Identify the complaints of the various estates prior to the Revolution
    • Identify the key leaders and their influence on the Revolution
    • Identify the changes in revolutionary ideology as it moved from liberal to radical and back to conservative stages
    • Identify the effect of the revolution on women and the Catholic Church
    • Identify Napoleon’s rise to power and his effect on France and Europe
    • Analyze the three mistakes made by Napoleon
    • Understand the goals of the leaders of the Congress of Vienna
    • Identify and understand the key ideas and artists of the Romantic movement




    Unit 8 – The Rise of Nationalism and Industrialism

    • Be able to define and give examples for the terms nationalism, liberalism, and conservatism
    • Identify the causes and results of revolutions in the period from 1800-1848
    • Identify the causes of and the changes that occurred as a result of the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions
    • Identify key economic thinkers of the 1800’s and their influence on the world


    Unit 9 – The Rise of Nation States

    • Identify the leaders and methods employed in the unification of Italy and Germany
    • Analyze the impact on Europe of the unification of Germany
    • Understand the long range impact of the Treaty of Frankfurt
    • Understand an identify issues that led to nationalism in Central Europe and France
    • Identify democratic movements and their effects on Great Britain


    Unit 10- Modern European Though and Supremacy

    • Understand the impact of the Second Industrial Revolution on the World
    • Identify the changes to the middle class in the late 19th century
    • Identify the impact of urbanization on late 19th century Europe
    • Identify the changes in science and scientific though and its impact on traditional institutions
    • Identify the effect of modernism in literature and art, psychoanalysis, and physics on intellectual life in Europe


    Unit 11 – Imperialism and War

    • Understand the difference between the “Old Imperialism” and New Imperialism”
    • Understand the political economic, and social motives that influenced European nations to dominate Asia and Africa
    • Understand Bismarck’s political goals after German unification
    • Understand the influence of alliances on the emergence of WW1
    • Identify how localized quarrels led to a major conflict in Europe
    • Analyze and identify the causes that led to the Russian Revolution
    • Analyze the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and identify how these may have led to World War 2


    Unit 12 – The Road to the Second World War

    • Understand the impact of economic depression on the nations of Europe in the period after World War 1
    • Analyze the economic and political policies of VI Lenin and Joseph Stalin on the Soviet Union
    • Understand the policies and tactics used by Mussolini and Hitler to achieve and maintain power in Italy and Germany
    • Understand the factors leading to the failure of the League of Nations and the events directly leading to World War 2
    • Analyze the various plans for peace that were created by the Allies before the end of the war


    Unit 13 - Cold War to the Modern World

    • Understand Cold War politics and its effect on the world
    • Identify the key leaders and events of the Cold War
    • Identify the collapse of the Soviet system and its impact on Europe
    • Understand the new world economy that was created in the Eurozone